In Canada, the minimum age for a criminal conviction is twelve.
Section 13 of the Criminal Code of Canada (“the Code”) provides that no person shall be convicted of an offence while that person was under the age of 12. Age is measured by chronological age and not according to intellectual capacity.1 Although theCode exempts a child from criminal liability, an adult may still be found to be a party to an offence committed by someone less than 12 years of age.2
In the criminal justice system, jurisdiction is the legal power by which a court is authorized to preside over the hearing of a particular offence and accused. A Superior Court of a Province or Territory has original and plenary jurisdiction in all criminal matters unless its jurisdiction is expressly prohibited by statute. Additionally, a Superior Court has an inherent supervisory role to remedy procedural unfairness. All appellate courts, by their very nature, have jurisdiction only to hear appeals where that jurisdiction is expressly conferred upon the appellate court by statute.
Even the consent of an accused cannot confer jurisdiction upon a court where such jurisdiction does not exist by statute or common-law. An accused person is permitted to waive compliance with common-law requirements on procedural or evidentiary matters, as long as that waiver is express and informed. Our courts have consistently found a true waiver requires a demonstration that the accused is aware of the consequences of the waiver.1
TORONTO – The fate of two London correctional staffers charged in the death of an inmate rests in the hands of three judges now weighing complex legal arguments in the midst of a shifting Canadian justice landscape.
The faith in the justice system of a mother who lost her son is in their hands, too.
A complaint has been filed against a judge and a Windsor, Ont. Crown attorney for an “inappropriate social outing” that took place during an ongoing criminal trial they were both working on.
The aunts and primary caregivers of the accused in the case — Andrew Cowan — submitted the complaint, claiming Crown attorney Thomas Meehan and Ontario Superior Court Justice Kelly Gorman met for drinks the evening after the jury had rendered its guilty verdict. Cowan was convicted of second-degree murder. Continue reading “Complaint filed against judge and Crown”
A murder trial in Windsor, made even more unusual by revelations of a late-night rendezvous between the judge and prosecutor, is headed to the Ontario Court of Appeal.
Superior Court Justice Kelly Gorman Monday dismissed an application for a mistrial in the case of Andrew Cowan, convicted by a jury in August of second-degree murder. Gorman, the judge who heard Cowan’s case and who is now being accused of impropriety for fraternizing with the assistant Crown attorney who prosecuted Cowan’s case, ruled she does not have the jurisdiction to declare a mistrial after a jury has returned a verdict.
A woman accused of stealing donated items, then running down a man in a Goodwill parking lot in Windsor last year, was found not guilty Wednesday.
Heather L. Michano, 29, had been charged with dangerous operation of a motor vehicle, failing to stop at the scene of an accident, assault with a weapon and theft for the Sept. 25, 2016, incident at Goodwill Industries on McDougall Avenue. Police arrested her after surveillance cameras captured video of a woman in a Toyota Corolla drive into the parking lot, rummage through items strewn on the pavement near a donation bin, then drive away striking a man on a bicycle. Continue reading “Woman acquitted in Goodwill hit-and-run of cyclist”